Adaptation of European crop production to climate: a structural econometric multi-output approach
Jaune Vaitkeviciute  1@  , Raja Chakir  2@  , Elsa Martin  3@  
1 : Bureau d\'Économie Théorique et Appliquée  (BETA)  -  Site web
Université de Lorraine, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7522
Université de Lorraine, UFR Droit Sciences Economiques et Gestion, 13 place Carnot CO 70026, 54035 Nancy Cedex -  France
2 : UMR Economie Publique, INRA - AgroParisTech
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE), AgroParisTech
16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 PARIS CEDEX 05 -  France
3 : Agrosup Dijon
Agrosup Dijon

The objective of this paper is shed some light on adaptation mechanisms of European
agriculture and to propose a quantitative assessment of climate-induced changes in farm-
ers' choices using an original structural econometric multi-output framework. We estimate
a multi-output model and analyse how weather can impact production output, input use
and land allocations. Our model is used to estimate weather impacts on European agri-
culture at the regional NUTS2 level observed during the period 2004-2012. We compare
dierent estimators (within, between, pooled) and calculate the elasticities of wheat and
maize production, fertilizer use and land allocation with respect to output prices, input
price and weather variables in dierent seasons. Our preliminary results show that wheat
output is more dependent on climate variations than maize output, also, that climate in
dierent seasons plays the inverse role to land allocation between wheat and maize.

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