The effect of fuel poverty on health care use: evidence from France
Rosy Fares  1@  
1 : Laboratoire dÉconomie Appliquée de Grenoble  -  Site web
Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement : UMR1215, Université Grenoble Alpes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5313, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology

Using the number of uses of different health services (such as visit to a general practitioner, visit to a specialist, pharmacy purchase, hospitalizations, laboratory analyses), this paper aims to study the relationship between fuel poverty and health status, while controlling for health care renunciation. A Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial is estimated after taking the endogeneity problem of fuel poverty into consideration in a two-stage model. The results suggest that in our data, the higher the probability of being fuel poor, the lower the probability of non-use of health services. In addition, the higher the probability of a household to be in fuel poverty, the higher the number of health care uses. This could mean that those who are in fuel poverty have a lower health status.


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